Glaucoma Eye Drops


Most eye drops may sting or burn when placed in the eye. This does not mean that they are not working or that they are bad for you. It just means that some people may find a specific eye drop more comfortable than others. Refrigerating your eye drop an applying it cold can make it more soothing and less irritating.

Prescription eye drop medications include:

  • Prostaglandins Analogs. These increase the outflow of the fluid in your eye (aqueous humor) and reduce pressure in your eye. Examples include latanoprost (Xalatan), travoprost (Travatan) and bimatoprost (Lumigan).
  • Prostaglandins with Nitric Oxide. The nitric oxide in this medication further increases outflow of fluid in the eye. An example is latanoprostene (Vyzulta).
  • Rho Kinase Inhibitors. These medication reduce the inflow of fluid and increases the outflow of fluid. Its dual mechanism has proven to be effective in lowering intraocular pressure. An example is netarsudil (Rhopressa).
  • Beta blockers. These reduce the production of fluid in your eye, thereby lowering the pressure in your eye (intraocular pressure). Examples include timolol (Betimol, Timoptic) and betaxolol (Betoptic).
  • Alpha-adrenergic agonists. These reduce the production of aqueous humor and increase outflow of the fluid in your eye. Examples include brimonidine (Alphagan) and apraclonidine (Iopidine).
  • Carbonic anhydrase inhibitors. These medications reduce the production of fluid in your eye. Examples of topical forms include dorzolamide (Trusopt) and brinzolamide (Azopt). Oral formulation include acetazolamide (Diamox).
  • Miotic or cholinergic agents. These increase the outflow of fluid from your eye. An example is pilocarpine (Isopto Carpine).